Canine Urinary Tract Infection Signs and Dog UTI Treatment
Nov 20, 2016 - A UTI in dogs and cats is mostly treatable. Here are the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for a urinary tract infection.
Enrofloxacin, orbifloxacin, and marbofloxacin are all fluoroquinolones approved to treat UTIs in dogs; although all are used in cats, only some are approved for this use. Pradofloxacin is only approved for skin infections in cats in North America, but it is approved for treatment of UTI in dogs in Europe and is used to treat feline UTI. The fluoroquinolones are bactericidal, amphoteric drugs. They possess acidic and basic properties but are very lipid soluble at physiologic pH (pH 6–8) and thus have a high volume of distribution. All fluoroquinolones usually have excellent activity against staphylococci and gram-negative bacteria, but they may have variable activity against streptococci and enterococci. The therapeutic advantages of these drugs are their gram-negative antimicrobial activity and high degree of lipid solubility. They are the only orally administered antimicrobials effective against . Therefore, fluoroquinolones should be reserved for UTIs that involve gram-negative bacteria, especially , and for UTIs in intact male dogs and cats because of their excellent penetration into the prostate gland and activity in abscesses. They are concentration-dependent killers with a long postadministration effect, so once daily, high-dose therapy for a relatively short duration of treatment is effective.
is a human product available as tablets, capsules, and a pediatric suspension. It is not commonly used in veterinary medicine. It is typically used only for treatment of UTI in people, because it has a very low volume of distribution, and therapeutic concentrations are attained only in urine. It is considered a carcinogen, so it is banned for use in food-producing animals, but its use in small animals is increasing with the rising rates of antimicrobial resistance to veterinary antimicrobials. is used for infections caused by , enterococci, staphylococci, spp, and spp. It is increasingly indicated for treatment of UTIs caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria, which are otherwise difficult to treat using conventional veterinary antimicrobial agents. The pharmacokinetics and adverse effect profile of have not been investigated in dogs, cats, or horses, and the need for multiple daily dosing makes it inconvenient for owners.
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If not identified and treated in a timely manner, a canine urinary tract infection can endanger your dog's life, especially if the infection spreads from your pet's urinary tract to the rest of the animal's body. But with early detection and proper treatment a UTI doesn't have to be life threatening. Urinary Incontinence in Dogs---Urinary incontinence in dogs can occur due to hormonal changes, structural problems or more subtly due to a low grade, chronic urinary infection in the urethra. Many times, the dog's urine analysis may be normal but a culture may reveal a slight hidden infection. A female dog may have a yellowish or clear discharge in the vaginal area. Many times, holistic treatments for urinary incontinence can resolve the incontinence. You need to give your dog supplements such as Pet UTI, Power Probiotic and Notatum to control the bladder infection. Renelix and Rehmannia 8 will help with the incontinence in your dog.