The main areas of reactivity and fear for leash reactive dogs areHumans, other dogs, prey, environmental contrasts such as cars, bikes etc…
I would like to again address the enrichment issue since that is the reason so often cited by owners as a need to have their dogs off leash. It is a complete and utter fallacy that dogs are not having a fulfilling enriching experience by walking in partnership on leash with their humans. Done correctly, they certainly are. for more on how dogs connect with their environment.
Regardless of the reasons, there are leash laws for good reasons. Regional differences are important in understanding this topic fully. In many countries, it is perfectly normal to see dogs off leash in many public areas. It’s not only legal, it’s encouraged. Understanding how that applies to those areas but not other areas is a matter of understanding the human/dog relationship that is encouraged in those countries. Dogs are respected much more as sentient beings in these countries. Humans are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions. That follows that they also take responsibility for their dog’s actions by training them more thoroughly than most people in the US do. Sadly the same cannot be said for either point in the United States.
How to Walk a Robot: A Dog-Leash Human-Robot ..
Human on a Leash - Dog Whisperer Video - Nat Geo WILD
Yet leashes themselves are an ancient technology, winding back at least to the Greek, Roman, and Egyptian dog owners who sought a way to control their pets without physically gripping their skin. “Along with collars, leashes are the obvious first step in domestication,” says Grier, “and the oldest pieces of material culture to be associated with dogs.” Portraits from the 17th century show well-heeled flaunting their status via dainty dog chains and glittering neckbands. Lower on the economic ladder, working mutts were kept in line with a plain leather strap ending in a loop for the human to grasp. (You might ask your local harness-maker to fashion you one when you came in to saddle your horse, Grier explains.) Dog obedience training or any normal everyday activity with your dog would be impossible without this tool, especially because they are required by law in most places. A leash is one of the most used (and abused) tools in the history of the dog/human relationship.Dog leashes are the most common tools used by dog owners. Learning how to introduce them and how to use them correctly will make life easier and happier for you and your dog!Dog obedience training or any normal everyday activity with your dog would be impossible without this tool, especially because they are required by law in most places. A leash is one of the most used (and abused) tools in the history of the dog/human relationship.The purpose of the dog leash has evolved through history however, even today just like a thousand years ago its primary job is to keep our dog within a given proximity to us, dis-enabling the animal from running away or performing some damaging/dangerous action to himself or to the environment.A dog leash is one of the first tools that most dog owners encounter during their interactions with their dog. For many, from that point on, this tool becomes a life-time nightmare and a constant reminder of unpleasant walks while being pulled all over the place. But there is another side to that coin. The dog on the other end of the leash has his side of the story as well. Think of it this way, if you were young and at a really good party having fun and suddenly out of nowhere your parents appear, put you on a leash and drag you away; how would you feel? Even we humans wouldn’t tolerate that, so why would we expect our dogs to be okay with that action? The truth is that our dog will end up being as far away from okay as possible. They see the world differently and there is no reason for them to understand our actions and reasons.